Food occupies a central place in human life. Not only are its nutrients necessary for our survival, but feasting, fasting, and sharing are integral to our history, cultural identity, and religious traditions. Yet today, and for the foreseeable future, serious problems with food production and price increases currently leave about one billion people experiencing hunger or starvation. Yet, concurrently, at least another billion people in the world are experiencing problems from consuming too much food and/or from dietary imbalances and food safety issues that result in serious chronic diseases. We will address dimensions of the issue and interactions with religious traditions.